Where Is Honduras
Population 2009 est.: 7.8 million.
Growth rate 2009 est.: 1.96%.
Ethnic: 90% mestizo (mixed Indian & European); others European, Arab, African, or Asian ancestry; and indigenous Indians.
Religions: Roman Catholic and Protestant minority.
Education 2003: Years compulsory--6. Attendance--94% overall, 61% at junior high level. Literacy--83.3.2%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--24.03/1,000. Life expectancy--69 yrs.
Work force: Services--42.2%; natural resources/agriculture--35.9%; manufacturing--16.3%; construction-housing--5.6%.
90% of the population is mestizo. A small minorities of European, African, Asian, Arab, and indigenous Indian descent. Most Hondurans are Catholic, but Protestant churches are growing. Spanish is the predominant language, some English is spoken along the northern coast and is prevalent on the Honduras Bay Islands. Several indigenous Indian languages and Garifuna (a mixture of Afro-indigenous languages) are also spoken. Restored Mayan ruins near the Guatemalan border in Copan reflect the great Mayan culture that flourished in hundreds for years until the early 9th century. Columbus landed on mainland Honduras (Trujillo) in 1502, and named the area "Honduras" (definition "depths") for the deep water off the coast. Spaniard Hernan Cortes arrived in Honduras 1524.
Honduras a strong proponent of Central American cooperation and integration, and before the June 2009 coup was working toward the implementation of a regional customs union and Central American passport, which would ease border controls and tariffs among Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and El Salvador.
In 1969, El Salvador and Honduras fought the brief "Soccer War" over a disputed border area. The two countries formally signed a peace treaty in 1980, which put the border dispute before the International Court of Justice (ICJ). In 1992, the Court awarded most of the disputed territory to Honduras, and in January 1998, Honduras and El Salvador signed a border demarcation treaty to implement the terms of the ICJ decree although delays continue due to technical difficulties. However, Honduras and El Salvador maintain normal diplomatic and trade relations. Honduras also has unresolved maritime border disputes with El Salvador, Jamaica, and Cuba.
Top 10 cities of Honduras